Biakal largest freshwater Lake

#baikal #baikallake #lake

Baikal is indeed the largest freshwater lake by volume in the world. It is located in the southern part of Siberia, Russia. Here are some key facts about Lake Baikal:

Size: Lake Baikal is approximately 636 kilometers (395 miles) long and 79 kilometers (49 miles) wide at its widest point. It has a shoreline length of about 2,100 kilometers (1,300 miles).

Depth: It is also known for its exceptional depth. The maximum depth of Lake Baikal reaches approximately 1,642 meters (5,387 feet), making it the deepest lake in the world.

Volume: Baikal holds the largest volume of freshwater, estimated at around 23,615.39 cubic kilometers (5,700 cubic miles). This accounts for approximately 20% of the world’s total unfrozen surface freshwater.

Age: It is estimated that Lake Baikal formed between 20 and 25 million years ago, making it one of the oldest lakes in the world. Its age and isolation have contributed to its unique and diverse ecosystem.

Biodiversity: Lake Baikal is renowned for its exceptional biodiversity. It is home to more than 1,700 species of plants and animals, two-thirds of which can be found nowhere else in the world. The lake’s most famous resident is the Baikal seal, which is the only exclusively freshwater seal species.

UNESCO World Heritage Site: In 1996, Lake Baikal was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site due to its outstanding natural value and unique ecosystem.

Tourism and Recreation: The lake attracts numerous tourists who come to explore its stunning scenery, crystal-clear waters, and opportunities for outdoor activities. Popular activities include hiking, fishing, boating, and diving.

Ice Formation: During the winter months, Lake Baikal freezes over, creating a spectacular natural phenomenon. The frozen lake surface is known for its clarity, often reaching depths of up to 1.5 meters (5 feet), allowing visibility through the ice.

Lake Baikal’s immense size, ecological significance, and natural beauty make it a remarkable and treasured natural wonder.


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